Dedicated to the Study of Personality Disorders
The Center for Transference-Focused Psychotherapy

Clinical and Theoretical Publications
Articles Authored by PDI

One of the goals of the PDI has been to systematically describe the treatment we have developed for borderline patients. The following book explains our understanding of borderline personality and how to treat it.

 

Transference-Focused Psyhotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide first provides clinicians with a model of borderline pathology that is essential for expert assessment and treatment planning and then addresses the empirical underpinnings and specific therapeutic strategies of transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP). 2015.

 

Analysis of data from the Weill Cornell PDI RCT found that, among the treatments that were studied, only TFP was associated with change in fundamental psychological process such as reflective functioning and internal working model of attachment:

Levy KN, Meehan KB, Kelly, KM, et al: Change in attachment patterns and reflective function in a randomized control trial of transference-focused psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6):1027-1040, 2006.

The PDI completed data analysis on the randomized, controlled trial of three treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder:

Clarkin, J.F., Levy, K.N., Lenzenweger, M.F., & Kernberg, O.F. (2007). Evaluating three treatments for borderline personality disorder: a multiwave study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 922-928.

Other publications have focused on attentional and executive controls in borderline patients, identity, attachment patterns in these patients, and mechanisms of change in the treatment:

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Hersh R, Caligor E, Yeomans FE: Fundamentals of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy: Applications in Psychiatric and General Medical Settings.  New York, Springer, 2017.

Hoerz-Sagstetter S, Caligor E, Preti E, Stern BL, De Panfilis Chiara, Clarkin JF: Clinician-guided assessment of personality using the Structural Interview and the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO).  Journal of Personality Assessment,  pp. 1-17, 2017.

Caligor E, Petrini MJ. Narcissistic personality disorder: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, course, assessment, and diagnosis.  In: UpToDate, Post TW (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA. (Accessed on November 21, 2016)

Caligor E, Petrini MJ. Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder.  In: UpToDate,  Post TW (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA. (Accessed December 9, 2016)

Carsky, M. and Chardavoyne, J.: Transference Focused Psychotherapy and the Language of Action.  Psychoanalytic Psychology (in press). 

Caligor E, Levy K, Yeomans FE: Narcissistic personality disorder: Diagnostic and clinical challenges. American Journal of Psychiatry,  vol. 172, 5, 415-422, 2015.

Caligor E, Roose SP, Hilsenroth MJ, Rutherford B: Developing a protocol for an outcome study of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, vol. 35 (sup.1), 150-168, 2015.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Depue, R.A. (in press). Toward a developmental psychopathology of personality disturbance: A neurobehavioral dimensional model incorporating genetic, environmental, and epigenetic factors. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology (3rd ed). New York: Wiley.

Levy, K. N., Scala, J. W., Temes, C. M., & Clouthier, T. (2015). An integrative attachment framework of personality pathology. In S. Huprich (Ed.), Personality disorders in the 21st century (pp. 315-343). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Meehan, K. B., & Levy, K. N. (2015). Personality disorders. In P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S. Blatt (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary psychodynamic approaches to psychopathology. New York, NY: Guilford.

Yeomans FE, Clarkin JF, Kernberg OF (2015). Transference-Focused Psyhotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing. 

Caligor E, Levin Z, Deringer E: Preparing Program Directors to Address Unprofessional Behavior. In Kalet A, Chou C (editors), Remediation in Medical Education. New York, Springer, 2014, pp 285-296.

Caligor E, Yeomans F, Levin Z: Personality Disorders. In Cutler JK (editor), Psychiatry, DSMV Edition, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 257- 290.

Deringer E, Caligor E: Supervision and responses of psychiatry residents to adverse patient events. Academic Psychiatry, 2014, pp. 1-7.

Levy KN, Ehrenthal JC, Yeomans FE, Caligor E: The efficacy of psychotherapy: Focus on psychodynamic psychotherapy as an example. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, vol. 42, 3, 2014, pp. 377–422.

Meehan, K. B., Levy, K. N., Temes, C. M., & Detrixhe, J. J. (2014). Solitude and personality disorders. In R. J. Coplan & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), A handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (pp. 427-444). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Pavony MT & Lenzenweger MF. (2014). Somatosensory processing and borderline personality disorder: Pain perception and a signal detection analysis of proprioception and exteroceptive sensitivity.  Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 5,  164-171.

Scott, L. N., Levy, K. N., & Granger, D. A. (in press). Biobehavioral reactivity to social evaluative stress in women with borderline personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 

Yeomans, F. E., & Levy, K. N. (in press). Transference focused psychotherapy. In J. Reich, & D. P. Bernstein (Eds.) Evidence-based treatments for personality disorders: State-of-art treatments for difficult patients. 

Yeomans, F. E., Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N. (in press). Psychodynamic psychotherapies. In J. Oldham, A. Skodol, & D. Bender (Eds.) The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders (pp. 275-287). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Yeomans, F. E., Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B. (in press). Treatment approaches for borderline personality disorder. The Psychiatric Times. 

Caligor E: Narcissism in the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual. In Ogrodniczuk, J: Treating Pathological Narcissism. Washington DC, APA Book, 2013, pp. 63-79.

Carsky, M.: Supportive psychoanalytic therapy for personality disorders. Psychotherapy 50 (3): 443-448, 2013.

Diamond, D, Yeomans, FE, Stern, BS, Levy, KN, Fischer-Kern, M, Doering, S, Hörz, S, Delaney, J, Clarkin, J. Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for Patients with Co-Morbid Narcissistic and Borderline Personality Disorder. Psychoanalytic Inquiry. 2013, 33:6.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F.E., Stern, B.S., Levy, K.N., Hörz, S., & Delaney, J.C. (2013). Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for patients with comorbid narcissistic and borderline personality disorder. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 33(6), 527-551.

Ellison, W. D., Levy, K. N., Cain, N. M., & Pincus, A. L. (2013). The impact of pathological narcissism on psychotherapy utilization, initial symptom severity, and early-treatment symptom change: A naturalistic investigation. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95(3), 291-300.

Hallquist, M.N., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2013). Identifying latent trajectories of personality disorder symptom change: growth mixture modeling in the longitudinal study of personality disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 138-155.

Lenzenweger, M.F. (2013). Thinking clearly about the endophenotype vs. intermediate phenotype vs. biomarker distinctions in developmental psychopathology research. [Invited Essay for 25th Anniversary Issue.] Development & Psychopathology, 25, 1347-1357.

Levy, K. N. (2013).  Theory, research, and clinical implications of attachment. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In session. 69(11), 1133-1135.

Levy, K. N. (2013). Attachment theory and understanding and working with personality disorders. In A. Danquah & K. Berry (Eds.) Using attachment theory in adult mental health: A practical guide (pp. 95-112). London: Routledge.

Levy, K. N. (2013). Treating borderline personality disorder. In G. P. Koocher, J. C. Norcross, & B. A. Greene (Eds.) The psychologist's desk reference: Third edition (pp. 193-196). Boston, MA: Oxford University Press

Pavony, M.T., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2013). Somatosensory processing and borderline personality disorder features: A signal detection analysis of proprioception and exteroceptive sensitivity. Journal of Personality Disorders, 27, 208-221.

Smith, N.T., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2013). Increased stress responsivity in schizotypy leads to diminished spatial working memory performance. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 4, 324-331.

Wright, A.G.C., Pincus, A.L., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2013). A parallel process growth model of avoidant personality disorder symptoms and personality traits. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 4, 230-238.

Yeomans FE, Levy K, Caligor E: Transference-focused psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, vol. 50, 3, 2013, pp.449- 453.

Yun, R.J., Stern, B.L., Lenzenweger, M.F., & Tiersky, L.A. (2013). Refining personality disorder subtypes and classification using finite mixture modeling. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 4, 121-128.

Zerbo E, Cohen S, Bielska W, Caligor E: Transference-focused psychotherapy in the general psychiatry residency: A useful and applicable model for residents in acute clinical settings. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, 2013, pp. 164-181.

Blancos C, Lipsitz JD, Caligor E: Interpersonal psychotherapy by telephone. In Markowitz J, Weissman M (editors), Casebook of Interpersonal Psychotherapy. New York, Oxford University Press, 2012, pp.411-423.

Caligor E, Hilsenroth MJ, Devlin M, Rutherford BR, Terry M, Roose SP: Will patients accept randomization to psychoanalysis? A feasibility study. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 60, 2, 2012, pp. 337-360.

Carsky, M. & Yeomans, F. (2012) Overwhelming Patients and Overwhelmed Therapists.  Psychodynamic Psychiatry , 40 (1): 75-90, 2012. open access: http://guilfordjournals.com/toc/pdps/40/1

Carsky, M. & Yeomans, F. (2012) Overwhelming Patients and Overwhelmed Therapists. In: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis issue guest edited by Michael Stone.

Clarkin JF, Fonagy P, Levy KN & Bateman A. (in press). Borderline personality disorder. Handbook of Contemporary Psychodynamic Approaches to Psychopathology. P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S. Blatt (Eds.), New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Diamond D (2012).  Sexuality and attachment in patients with severe narcissistic personality disorders. Implications for therapeutic process and outcome. Persönlichkeitsstörunge 16,49–67.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F.E., Levy, K.N., Hörz, S., & Clarkin, J. (2012). Transference focused psychotherapy for patients with co-morbid narcissistic and borderline personality disorder: The contributions of research to therapy. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 

Erbe, J.K. Diamond, D. Fertuck, E.F. (2012). Mental Representation, Social Cognition, and the Neural Underpinnings of Borderline Personality Disorder: A Multi-Level Approach. Neuropsychoanalysis. 14, 195-203.

Horz S, Clarkin J, Stern B, Caligor E: The Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO): An Instrument to Assess Severity and Change of Personality Pathology. In Levy R, Ablon S (editors), Handbook of Evidence-Based Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, 3rd Edition. New York, Humana Press, 2012, pp 571-92.

Kernberg OF & Levy KN. (in press). Borderline Personality Disorder and Borderline Personality Organization: Psychopathology and Psychotherapy.  Handbuch der Borderline-Störungen OF Kernberg, B Dulz, U Sachsse (Eds.) Schattauer Stuttgart. 2nd edition.

Lenzenweger MF, Clarkin JF, Levy KN, Yeomans FE, & Kernberg OF. (2012). Predicting domains and rates of change in borderline personality disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3 185-195.

Lenzenweger, M.F., McClough, J.F., Clarkin, J.F., & Kernberg, O.F. (2012). Exploring the interface of neurobehaviorally-linked personality dimensions and personality organization in borderline personality disorder: The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire and Inventory of Personality Organization.  Journal of Personality Disorders, 26, 902-918.

Levy KN & Meehan KB. (in press). Personality disorders. Handbook of Contemporary Psychodynamic Approaches to Psychopathology. In P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S . Blatt (Eds.), New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Levy KN, Ellison WD, & Reynoso JS. (in press). A Historical Review of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality. In J. Miller & K. Campbell (Eds.), The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatment. 

Levy KN, Ellison WD, Scott LN, & Bernecker S. (in press). Attachment style. Psychotherapy Relationships that Work: 2nd Edition. In J. Norcross (Ed.), New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Levy KN, Meehan KB, & Yeomans FE. An Update and Overview of the Empirical Evidence for Transference-Focused Psychotherapy and Other Psychotherapies for Borderline Personality Disorder. Handbook of Evidence Based Psychodynamic Psychology. In R. Levy & S. Ablon (Eds.) New York: Humana Press; 2012.

Levy KN, Meehan KB, Cain N, & Ellison WD, (in press). Narcissism and DSM-V. In J S. Ogrodniczuk (Ed.), Treating Pathological Narcissism. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Levy KN, Meehan KB, Yeomans FE, & Temes CM. Attachment theory and research: Implications for psychodynamic psychotherapy. Handbook of Evidence Based Psychodynamic Psychology. In R. Levy & S. Ablon (Eds.) New York: Humana Press; 2012.

Levy, K. N. (2012). Commentary on Beutler et al.'s "Common, specific, and treatment fit variables in psychotherapy outcome." Journal of Psychotherapy Integration 22(3), 282-286.

Levy, K. N. (2012). Subtypes, dimensions, levels, and mental states in narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology 68(8), 886-897.

Levy, K. N. & Scala, J. W. (2012). Transference, transference interpretations, and transference-focused psychotherapies. Psychotherapy 49(3), 391-403.

Levy, K. N., Clouthier, T., Wasserman, R. H., Beeney, J. E., & Clarkin, J. F. (2012, June). Psychotherapy process in three treatments for borderline personality disorder: Unique and common mechanisms. In S. McMain, (Chair).  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Virginia Beach, VA.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., & Yeomans, F. E. (2012). An update and overview of the empirical evidence for transference-focused psychotherapy and other psychotherapies for borderline personality disorder. In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.) Psychodynamic psychotherapy research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Cain, N., & Ellison, W. D. (2012). Narcissism and DSM-5. In J. S. Ogrodniczuk (Ed.) Understanding and Treating pathological narcissism (pp. 45-62). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Temes, C. M., & Yeomans, F. E. (2012). Attachment theory and research: Implications for psychodynamic psychotherapy. In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.) Psychodynamic psychotherapy research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K.N. (2012). The many complexities in treating and studying narcissism. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy 8(3), 216-235.

Meehan KB & Levy KN, (in press). Personality disorders. Handbook of Contemporary Psychodynamic Approaches to Psychopathology. In P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S. Blatt (Eds.), New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Miller, A.B., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2012). Schizotypy, social cognition, and interpersonal sensitivity. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 3, 379-392.

Roose S, Barber JP, Caligor E, DeRubeis RJ, Gerber AJ, Glick RA, Hilsenroth MJ, Leon AC, Levy KL, Levy RA, Milrod B, Rutherford BR, Shear K, Thase ME, Westen D. The development of a psychoanalytic outcome study; Choices, conflicts and consensus. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 60, 2, 2012, pp. 311-335.

Sandberg L, Busch F, Schneier F, Gerber A, Caligor E, Milrod B: Panic-focused psychodynamic therapy in a woman with panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, vol. 20, 2012, pp. 268-276.

Scott LN, Levy KN, Adams RB Jr, & Stevenson, M. (in press). Mental state decoding abilities in young adults with borderline personality disorder traits. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 

Wright AGC, Pincus AL, & Lenzenweger MF. (2011). Development of personality and the remission and onset of personality pathology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101,  1351-1358.

Wright, A.G.C., Pincus, A.L., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2012). Examination of distributional assumptions underlying the relationship between personality disorder symptoms and personality traits.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 699-706.

Caligor E., Diamond D., Yeomans F., Kernberg O.F. (2011). Le molteplici funzioni del processo interpretativo nella TFP. In J.F. Clarkin, F. Yeomans, O. Kernberg. Psicoterapia psicodinamica dei disturbi di personalità: un approccio basato sulle relazioni oggettuali. Manuale della Psicoterapia Focalizzata sul Transfert (TFP). (pp. 389-411). Rome: Giovanni Fioriti Editore.

Diamond D, Yeomans FE, and Levy K. (2011) Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Narcissistic Personality Disorder. In K. Campbell and J. Miller (Eds),  The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatment, (pp. 423-433). New York: Wiley.

Diamond D., Yeomans F.E., Levy K.N., (2011). Psicoterapia psicodinamica delle personalità narcisistiche. In J.F. Clarkin, F. Yeomans, O. Kernberg. Psicoterapia psicodinamica dei disturbi di personalità: un approccio basato sulle relazioni oggettuali.  Manuale della Psicoterapia Focalizzata sul Transfert (TFP). (pp. 412-426). Giovanni Fioriti Editore, Rome.

Diamond, D. (2011). In Front of the Camera, Behind the Camera: Ullmann Directs Bergmann.  Projections 5, 51-74.

Levy KN, Beeney JE & Temes CM (2011). Attachment and its vicissitudes in borderline personality disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports. 

Levy KN, Ellison WD, Scott LN, & Bernecker S. (2011). A meta-analysis of attachment style on psychotherapy outcome. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In session. 

Miller JD & Levy KN. (2011). DSM-5 personality disorders: Opportunities and pitfalls. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 

Stern BL, Yeomans FE, Diamond D, & Kernberg OF. (2011) Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) for Narcissistic Personality Disorder. In, Understanding and Treating Narcissistic Personality Disorder (pp. 235 - 252). J. S. Ogrodniczuk, (Ed.). Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.

Yeomans, F.E. & Diamond, D. (2011). Ubertragungsfokussierte Psychotherapie (Tansference-focused Psychotherapy, TFP) und Borderline-Personlichkeitssorung. Handbuch der Borderline-Storungen. Eds B. Dulz, S.C. Herpertz, O. Kernberg, U. Sachsse. Handbook of Borderline Personality Disorder Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Antonius D, Fuchs L, Herbert F, Kwon K, Fried J, Burton P, Straka T, Levin Z, Caligor E, Malaspina D: Psychiatric assessment of aggressive patients: A violent attack on a resident. American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 167, 2010, pp. 253-259.

Caligor E, Clarkin J: An Object Relations model of Personality and Personality Pathology. In Clarkin J, Fonagy P, Gabbard G (editors),  Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders : A Clinical Handbook, Washington D.C., American Psychiatric Press, 2010, pp 3-36.

Caligor E, Yeomans FE, Levin, Z. (2010) "Personality Disorders" in Psychiatry Eds. Cutler, JL, Marcus, ER. Oxford University Press.

Clarkin JF, Levy KN & Ellison WD (2010). Personality disorders. Handbook of Interpersonal Psychology: Theory, Research, Assessment, and Therapeutic Interventions. L. M. Horowitz & S. Strack (Eds.)

Epstein L, Caligor E: Psychological Conditions Affecting Medical Conditions. In Cutler JK, Marcus ER (editors), Psychiatry, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp 388-423.

Foelsch PA, Odom A, Arena H, Krischer MK, Schmeck K & Schülter-Müller S. (2010) Differenzierung zwischen Identitätskrise und Identitätsdiffusion und ihre Bedeutung für die Behandlung. Praxis für Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 59: 418-434.

Kernberg OF (2010) "Some Observation on the Process of Mourning" The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 

Kernberg OF (2010). "A New Organization of Psychoanalytic Education" The Psychoanalytic Review 

Lenzenweger MF (2010).  Schizotypy and schizophrenia: The view from experimental psychopathology. New York: Guilford.

Lenzenweger MF (2010). Current status of the scientific study of the personality disorders: Epidemiologic, longitudinal, experimental psychopathology, and neurobehavioral perspectives (Distinguished Invited Essay). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 58, 741-778.

Lenzenweger MF (2010). A source, a cascade, a schizoid: A heuristic proposal from The Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders. Development & Psychopathology, 22, 867-881.

Levy KN & Kelly KM (2010). Sex differences in jealousy: A contribution from attachment theory. Psychological Science, 21:168-173. Findings chronicled in numerous media outlets including Scientific American Mind, Scientific American Podcasts, Newsweek, Toronto Globe and Mail.

Levy KN, Beeney JE, Wasserman, RH, Clarkin JF (2010). Conflict begets conflict: Executive control, mental state vacillations and the therapeutic alliance in treatment of borderline personality disorder. Psychotherapy Research, 20(4), 413-422.

Levy KN, Meehan KB & Yeomans FE (2010). New study provides further support for TFP as an evidence based treatment for borderline personality disorder. Evidence Based Mental Health. Doi: 10.1136/ebmh1097

Magnavita J, Levy KN, Critchfield KL, & Lebow JL. (2010). Ethical considerations in treatment of personality dysfunction: Using evidence, principles, and clinical judgement. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(1), 64-74.

Stern BL, Caligor E, Clarkin JF, Critchfield KL, MacCornack V, Lenzenweger MF, Kernberg OF: The Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO): Preliminary Psychometrics in a Clinical Sample. Journal of Psychological Assessment, 91, Vol. 1, 2010, pp. 35-44.

Wright AC, Pincus AL, & Lenzenweger MF. (2010). Modeling stability and change in borderline personality disorder symptoms using the Interpersonal Adjective Scales - Big Five. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 501-513.

Yeomans F.E. & Diamond D. (2010). Treatment of Cluster B Disorders: TFP and BPD. Eds: Clarkin JF, Fonagy P, & Gabbard GO. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders: A Clinical Handbook. German edition, Eds Dulz, Herpertz/Kernberg/Sachsse. Handbook of Borderline Personality Disorder, 2nd edition. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing (pp. 209-239).

Yeomans FE, Diamond D. Transference-Focused Psychotherapy and Borderline Personality Disorder in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders: A Clinic Handbook, Eds. Clarkin JF, Fonagy P, Gabbard GO. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2010.

Caligor E, Stern B, Hamilton M, MacCornack V, Wininger L, Roose SP: Why we recommend analytic treatment for some patients and not for others. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 57, 2009, pp 677-694.

Lenzenweger, M.F. (2009). Schizotypic psychopathology: Theory, evidence, and future directions. In P.H. Blaney & T. Millon (Eds.),  Oxford textbook of psychopathology, 2nd edition (pp. 692-722). New York: Oxford University Press.

Kernberg, O.F., Diamond, D., Yeomans, F., Clarkin, J.F., & Levy, K. (2008).   Mentalization and attachment in borderline patients in transference focused psychotherapy.   In: E. Jurist, A. Slade & S. Bergner (Eds.), Mind to Mind: Infant Research, Neuroscience, and Psychoanalysis. New York: Other Press. 167-201. 

Diamond, D, Yeomans, FE, Clarkin, J, Levy, K, Kernberg, OF. (2008). The reciprocal impact of attachment and transference-focused psychotherapy with borderline patients. In H. Steele & M. Steele (Eds.): Clinical Applications of The Adult Attachment Interview. Guilford Press. New York. 270-294.

Yeomans, FE, Clarkin, JF, Diamond, D, & Levy, KN. (2008) An object relations treatment of borderline patients with reflective functioning as the mechanism of change. In F. Busch (Ed.) Mentalization:Theoretical Considerations, Research Findings and Clinical Implications. New York and London: Analytic Press; 159-181.

Lenzenweger, M.F., Clarkin, J.F., Yeomans, F.E., Kernberg, O.F., & Levy, K.N. (2008). Refining the borderline personality disorder phenotype through finite mixture modeling: Implications for classification. Journal of Personality Disorders, 22, 313-331.

Lenzenweger, M.F. (2008). Epidemiology of personality disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 31, 395-403.

Diamond, D. (2008). Empathy and Identification in Lives of Others. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 56, 811-832.

Diamond D & Yeomans F.E. (2008). La relation patient-therapeute: impacts de la theorie de l'attachement, de la fonction reflexive et de la recherche. (The patient-therapist relationship: Implications of attachment theory, reflective functioning and research). Santé Mentale au Québec. XXXIII, 61-88.

Diamond D & Yeomans F.E. (2008). Psychopathologies narcissiques et psychotherapie focalisee sur le transfert. (Narcissism, its disorders and the role of transference-focused psychotherapy). Santé Mentale au Québec, XXXIII, 115-139.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F., Clarkin, J., and Levy, K. (2008). The Reciprocal Impact of Attachment and Transference-Focused Psychotherapy with Borderline Patients. In H. Steele and M. Steele (Eds.), Clinical Applications of the Adult Attachment Interview. (pp. 339-385). New York: Guilford Press.

Caligor E, Barry Stern, Otto Kernberg, Anna Bucheim, Stephan Doering, John Clarkin: Structured Interview of Personality Organization – Object relations theory as it relates to attachment theory. Nervenheilkunde, vol. 26 (6), 2007, pp. 459-464, 2007

Diamond, D., Blatt, S., and Lichtenberg, J. (Eds.) (2007). Attachment and Sexuality. New York: Analytic Press, Taylor and Francis Group.

Kernberg, O.F. (2007). The almost untreatable narcissistic patient. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 55:2, 503-539.

Kernberg, O.F. (2007). Countertransference: Recent developments and technical implications for the treatment of patients with severe personality disorders. In: B. vanLuyn, S. Akhtar, & J. Livesley (Eds.), Severe Personality Disorders: Major Issues in Everyday Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 42-58.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Willett, J.B. (2007). Modeling individual change in personality disorder features as a function of simultaneous individual change in personality dimensions linked to neurobehavioral systems: The Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 684-700.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Pastore, R.E. (2007). On determining sensitivity to pain in borderline personality disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 747-748.

Diamond, D. and Yeomans, F. (2007). Oedipal Love and Conflict in the Transference/Countertransference Matrix: Its Impact on Attachment Security and Mentalization. In D. Diamond, J. Lichtenberg, and S. Blatt (Eds). Attachment and Sexuality. (pp. 201-255). New Jersey: Analytic Press.

Stern BL, Clarkin J, Caligor E and Kernberg OF: The Structured Interview of Personality Organization. In Klinische Interviews und Ratingskalen [Clinical interviews and Rating Scales]. Edited by Strauss B and Schumacher. Goettingen: Hogrefe, 2006

McWilliams N, Caligor E, Herzig A, Kernberg OF, Schedler J and Westen D: Personality Patterns and Disorders. In Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual, Personality Patterns and Disorders. PDM Task Force. Silver Spring, MD: Alliance of Psychoanalytic Organizations, 2006, pp 15-69

Kernberg, O.F. (2006). Identity: Recent findings and clinical implications. Psychoanalytic Quarterly. Vol. LXXV, No. 4:969-1044.

Clarkin, J.F., & Levy, K.N. (2006). Psychotherapy for patients with borderline personality disorder: Focusing on the mechanisms of change. Special issue of Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 405-516.

Levy, K.N., Clarkin, J.F., Yeomans, F.E., Scott, L., Wasserman, R., & Kernberg, O.F. (2006). The mechanisms of change in the treatment of borderline personality disorder with transference focused psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 481-501.

Fertuck, E.A., Lenzenweger, M.F., Clarkin, J.F., Hoermann, S., & Stanley, B. (2006). Executive neurocognition, memory systems, and borderline personality disorder. Clinical Psychology Review.

Lenzenweger, M.F. (2006). The Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders: History, design, and initial findings. (Special Essay). Journal of Personality Disorders, 6, 645-670.

Caligor E: Treatment manuals for long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. Clinical Neuroscience Research, Special Issue: Research in Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamics, vol. 4, 2005, pp. 387-398

Clarkin, J.F., & Posner, M. (2005). Defining the mechanisms of borderline personality disorder.     Psychopathology, 38, 56-63.

Fertuck, E.A., Lenzenweger, M.F., & Clarkin, J.F. (2005). The association between attentional and executive controls in the expression of borderline personality disorder features: A preliminary study. Psychopathology, 38, 75-81.

Levy, K.N., Meehan, K.B., Weber, M., Reynoso, J., & Clarkin, J.F. (2005). Attachment and borderline personality disorder: Implications for psychotherapy. Psychopathology, 38, 64-74.

Hoermann, S., Clarkin, J.F., Hull, J.W., & Levy, K.N. (2005). The construct of effortful control: An approach to borderline personality disorder heterogeneity. Psychopathology, 38, 82-86.

Levy, K.N., Meehan, K.B., Reynoso, J.S., Lenzenweger, M.F., Clarkin, J.F., & Kernberg, O.F. (2005). The relation of reflective function to neurocognitive functioning in patients with borderline personality disorder. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 53, 1305-1309.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Castro, D.D. (2005). Predicting change in borderline personality: Using neurobehavioral systems indicators within an individual growth curve framework. Development & Psychopathology, 17, 1207-1237.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Clarkin, J.F. (2005). The personality disorders: History, development, and research issues. In M.F. Lenzenweger & J.F. Clarkin (Eds.), Major theories of personality disorder (2nd ed) (pp. 1-42). New York: Guilford.

Depue, R.A., & Lenzenweger, M.F. (2005). A neurobehavioral model of personality disturbance. In M.F. Lenzenweger & J.F. Clarkin (Eds.), Major theories of personality disorder (2nd ed) (pp. 391-453). New York: Guilford.

Diamond, D. (2005). Social and Psychological Perspectives on Narcissism and its Disorders. In O.F. Kernberg and H.P. Hartmann (Eds), Narzissmus, Grundlagen, Storungsbilder, Therapie. (pp. 171-204). Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Diamond, D. (2005). Narcissism as a Psychological and Social Phenomenon. In J.Auerbach, K.Levy and C. Schaeffer (Eds.). Relatedness, Self-Definition and Mental Representation: Essays in Honor of Sidney J. Blatt, (pp. 255-273). Hove and New York: Brunner-Routledge Press.

Lenzenweger, M.F., Clarkin, J.F., Fertuck, E. A., & Kernberg, O.F. (2004). Executive neurocognitive functioning and neurobehavioral systems indicators in borderline personality disorder: A preliminary study. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18, 421-438.

Lenzenweger, M.F., Johnson, M.D., & Willett, J.B. (2004). Individual growth curve analysis illuminates stability and change in personality disorder features: The Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 1015-1024.

Kernberg OF and Caligor E: A Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Disorders. In Major Theories of Personality Disorder, Second Edition. Edited by Clarkin JF and Lenzenweger MF. New York, Guilford Publishing, 2004, pp.115-156.

Caligor E, Barry Stern, Otto Kernberg, Anna Bucheim, Stephan Doering, John Clarkin: Structured Interview of Personality Organization – Object relations theory as it relates to attachment theory. PTT – Personlichkeittsstorungen: Theorie and Therapie, vol. 4, 2004, pp. 209-220.

Caligor E, Hamilton, M, Schneier H, Donovan J, Luber B and Roose S: Converted patients and clinic patients as control cases: A comparison with implications for psychoanalytic training. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 51, 2003, pp. 201-220.

Diamond, D., Stovall-McClough, C., Clarkin, J.A., & Levy, K.N. (2003). Patient-Therapist Attachment in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 67:3, 224-257.

Diamond, D., Clarkin, J., Levy, K., Levine, H., and Foelsch, P. (2002). The Clinical Implications of Current Attachment Research for Interventions with Borderline Patients. Journal of Infant, Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy. 2, 121-151.

Lenzenweger, M.F., Clarkin, J.F., Kernberg, O.F., & Foelsch, P. (2001). The Inventory of Personality Organization: Psychometric properties, factorial composition and criterion relations with affect, aggressive dyscontrol, psychosis-proneness, and self domains. Psychological Assessment, 4, 577-591.

Blanco C, Lipsitz J, Caligor E: Treatment of chronic depression with 12-week program of interpersonal psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 158, 2001, pp. 371-375

Caligor E: Annotated psychodynamic bibliography for residents in psychiatry. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research, vol. 5, 1996, pp. 318-340

Other publications have focused on the nature of personality disorders, and their treatment:

Occhiogrosso M and Auchincloss EL "The Challenge of Treating (and Supervising) Patients with Borderline Pathology in a Residents’ Clinic." Psychodynamic Psychiatry 2012; 40 (3) 451-468.

Caligor E, Yeomans FE, Levin, Z. "Personality Disorders" in Psychiatry,  Eds. Cutler, JL, Marcus, ER. Psychiatry, Oxford University Press, 2010, pp. 264-299.

Yeomans FE, Diamond D (in press). Treatment of Cluster B Disorders: TFP and BPD in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders: A Clinic Handbook, Eds. Clarkin JF, Fonagy P, and Gabbard GO. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing. 

Caligor, E., Yeomans, F., Diamond, D. & Kernberg, O.F. The Interpretive Process in the Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy of Borderline Personality Pathology. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 57, 2009, pp. 271-301.

Levy KN, Wasserman RH, Scott LN, & Yeomans FE (2009). Empirical evidence for transference focused psychotherapy and other psychodynamic psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder. In S. Ablon & R. Levy (Eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: Bridging the Gap between Science and Practice (pp. 93-119). New York: Humana Press.

Yeomans FE, Levy KN & Clarkin JF (2009). The Case for Borderline Personality Disorder: Commenting on Tyrer and Paris, et al. Journal of Personality and Mental Health. 

Yeomans, FE, Kernberg, OF. (2009) Borderline Personality Organization. In Barnhill, J (Ed.) Approach to the Psychiatric Patient. American Psychiatric Publishing, Wash. DC.

Delaney, J.C., Yeomans, F.E., Stone, M.,& Haran, C. (2008) Incidence de certains facteurs sur l'issue d'une psychotherapie dans un essai clinique randomise aupres de patients avec trouble de personnalite limite. Sante Mentale au Québec, XXXIII, 1, 15-36.

Yeomans F.E., & Delaney J. C., (2008). Transference-Focused Psychotherapy as a Means to Change the Personality Structure that Underlies Borderline Personality Disorder. Social Work in Mental Health, 6(1/2), 157-170.

Yeomans F.E., Delaney J.C., Renaud A. (2007) La psychothérapie focalisée sur le transfert. Santé Mentale au Québec, XXXII(1), 17-34.

Levy, K., Clarkin, J.F., & Reynoso, J.S. (2007). Narcissistic Personality Disorder. In: Fowler, K.A., & O'Donohue, W. (Eds.), Personality Disorders - Toward the DSM-V. Sage Press.

Levy, KN, Yeomans, FE, Diamond, D. (2007) Psychodynamic treatment of self-injury. Journal of Clinical Psychology; 63(112): 1165-1120.

H. Fernandez-Alvarez, Clarkin, J.F., Salgueiro, M., & Critchfield, K.L. (2006). Participant factors in treating personality disorders. In: Castonguay, L.G., & Beutler, L.E. (Eds.), Principles of therapeutic change that work. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lenzenweger, M.F., & Clarkin, J.F. (2005). Major theories of personality disorder. 2nd Edition. New York: Guilford.

Yeomans, F.E., Clarkin, J.F., & Levy, K.N. (2005). Psychodynamic psychotherapies. In : Oldham, J.M., Skodol, A.E., & Bender, D.S. (Eds.), Textbook of personality disorders. Washington,DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, pp. 275-288.

Clarkin, J.F., Foelsch, P.A., Levy, K.N., Hull, J.W., Delaney, J.C., Kernberg, O.F. (2001). The development of a psychodynamic treatment for patients with borderline personality disorder: A preliminary study of behavioral change. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15(6), 487-495.

John Clarkin, the co-director of the PDI, delivered the Presidential Address to the Society for Psychotherapy Research on the topic of the personality disorders and the work of the PDI:

Clarkin, J.F. (2006). Conceptualization and treatment of personality disorders. Psychotherapy Research, 16, 1-11.

Members of the PDI have presented theoretical issues and data analyses at various conferences in the U.S. and Europe. This includes seminars at the American Psychiatric Association (Kernberg, Caligor, Clarkin, Yeomans), Madrid, Spain (Clarkin), German Psychiatric Association, Berlin (Clarkin), Amsterdam (Clarkin, Yeomans), UCSF Conference in Honor of Robert Wallerstein (Kernberg), Copenhagen (Clarkin), Icelandic Psychiatric Association (Yeomans, Clarkin), University of New Mexico Medical School (Clarkin), Wisconsin Psychological Association (Clarkin), conferences sponsored by the National Educational Alliance for Borderline Personality Disorder (NEABPD) in Dallas, Los Angeles, London (Yeomans).

The PDI has made outreach to families who have members with severe personality disorders and potential donors through the creation of a newsletter, edited by Dr. Pamela Foelsch. The PDI and the Borderline Disorder Research Foundation sponsored a conference on the assessment and treatment of adolescents with severe personality disorders. Dr. Paulina Kernberg (deceased) was the principle organizer of this conference, combined with administrative organization by Jill Delaney.